This article discusses how to get Greek citizenship by descent, its benefits, and the application procedure.
Out of all the European countries offering citizenship by descent, Greece is, perhaps, the most desirable.
A top-class tourist destination, its cities and islands offer the best of many things in the world – beaches, luxury villas, and seafood, just to name a few.
So if you’re one of the over 3 million Greek Americans who has always known that you have Greek heritage, then this is great news.
Whatever your reasons for wanting Greek citizenship, if you qualify, you can apply and lay your hands on a brand-new second passport in approximately two to three years. And it won’t cost you the €250,000that the Greek Golden Visa program requires.
If you want an EU passport but don’t want to invest a hefty amount in an EU country, citizenship by descent is your best option, provided you can demonstrate a traceable European lineage.
Don’t know how or where to start? Don’t worry. CBD procedures are notorious for their complexity, but that’s where we come in. We deal with the paperwork and the foreign authorities, so you don’t have to. Set up a call with us today to plan your EU passport journey.
What Is Citizenship by Descent?
Citizenship by descent is usually granted by countries with jus sanguinis clause in their nationality law. Such countries grant citizenship by descent to those who can prove that their bloodline connects them to that country.
Many European countries run these programs, encouraging people with ancestors from the country to go back to ‘their roots’.
For just a hundred euros (often less), those people who can trace their bloodline back to the country and prove it can potentially get a second citizenship.
Which countries offer it? Everyone knows about Italian citizenship by descent and Irish citizenship by descent, but lesser-known programs like Lithuanian citizenship by descent, Armenian citizenship by descent, and other programs exist.
Greek Citizenship by Ancestry
Greek nationality law is governed by the principle of jus sanguinis (right of blood).
If you’re not familiar with the concept, it simply means that people who are born to at least one Greek parent will also be Greek.
But that’s just one route to acquire Greek citizenship by descent.
In other words, not only your parents can qualify you for Greek citizenship, but also your grandparents and great-grandparents (in some cases).
So, if you’re able to identify an ancestor that you think could qualify you for citizenship, the next step is to prove your eligibility.
How to Obtain Greek Citizenship
A DNA kit won’t prove that you’re eligible to obtain Greek citizenship by descent. A paper trail linking you to a qualifying ancestor will.
It might seem like it’s too much work to prove your eligibility, but it’s really important to get this bit right.
If you don’t, you risk getting your application rejected. Imagine having waited for three years only to find out that the Greek passport which you’ve counted on for all of your future endeavors won’t be arriving after all.
That would be a major disappointment, to say the least.
So, you’ll want to make sure that you have a parent, grandparent, or great-grandparent that could qualify you for Greek citizenship by descent – no space left for interpretation.
Eligibility Requirements for Greek Citizenship by Descent
• If the applicant was born before June 16, 1982 to a Greek father and a foreign mother, within an existent marriage, he is considered to have acquired Greek citizenship at the time of birth.
• If the applicant was born after June 16, 1982 to a Greek father and a foreign mother, married or unmarried, he is considered to have acquired Greek citizenship at the time of birth.
• If the applicant is born to a Greek mother and a foreign father (irrespective of nationality), out of wedlock, before August 5, 1984, he is considered to have acquired Greek citizenship at the time of birth.
• If the applicant is born to a Greek mother and a foreign father (irrespective of nationality), in or out of wedlock, after August 5, 1984, he is considered to have acquired Greek citizenship at the time of birth.
• If you have a Greek grandfather or grandmother who was born in Greece or was naturalized, you are considered to be eligible for Greek citizenship.
• If you have a Greek great-grandfather or great-grandmother who was born in Greece or was naturalized, you are considered to be eligible for Greek citizenship. You can apply through a great-grandparent only if your grandparent(s) is still alive and he/she applies for citizenship first.
If you’re applying through a grandparent or an even more distant relative, the relatives’ in-between’ you and them may have to go through obtaining Greek citizenship first if they haven’t already.
For example, if you have a grandmother who’s Greek, but your relevant parent isn’t, he/she may have to go through the citizenship by descent application process first and become a citizen before you can apply.
This might seem a little excessive, and in many ways, it is.
Other countries that offer citizenship by descent to long-lost citizens don’t have this requirement simply because not everyone might want to claim their citizenship back.
Imagine you want to become a Greek citizen, but your Greek American parent has no desire to do so.
You would be stuck, and that’s not a great position to be in.
Application Process for Greek Citizenship by Descent
If you’ve successfully established your bloodline and collected the stack of paperwork to prove it, you’ll be applying for Greek citizenship by descent next.
Want to know what the positive side of it all is?
It won’t cost you an arm and a leg. A small processing fee of 150 euros will be payable at your Greek embassy or consulate.
But the real annoyance here is the timeframe – if all evidence is in place and there are no disputes in your family records, the full process could be completed in three months for individuals with Greek birth parents. Everyone else, on the other hand, may need two to three years.
But if you can stick with it or have someone helping you with the process, it shouldn’t be that much of a nuisance. That’s where we come in. If you consult us to acquire your second passport, we can make the whole process a breeze for you.
In order to lodge your application, you’ll need to put together a lofty stack of documents:
- Your passport
- Your birth certificate
- Your christening or baptism certificate, if applicable
- Your marriage certificate, if applicable
- The birth certificates of your children, if applicable
- The baptism certificates of your children, if applicable
- The relevant paperwork for the ancestor through which you’re applying for citizenship, i.e., birth certificates, marriage certificates, death certificates, if applicable, and their municipal registration
All of the paperwork will need to be apostilled, translated into Greek, and certified.
Even though all of the aforementioned paperwork might seem like too much to handle, take comfort in the fact that you won’t need to attend any interviews, pay huge fees, or prove that you’re fluent in Greek.
People who don’t have any Greek heritage and wish to be naturalized also have to prove their knowledge of Greek history, as well as prove that they’re of good moral standing and excellent health.
So, all in all, the process of citizenship by descent should be easy if all of the required documents are readily available.
Once submitted, your application will be passed to the regional general secretary, who will order an international criminal record check.
Then, your application will be forwarded to the citizenship committee to make a decision. Only people with genuine ties to Greece will be approved.
If you’re one of the lucky ones with a legitimate claim for Greek citizenship, you’ll be issued a Greek birth certificate, which you can then use to apply for a passport.
Congratulations – you’re now a Greek citizen holding full citizenship rights!
The Pros and Cons of Being a Greek Citizen
There are two sides to each coin, and citizenship is no different. For the variety of benefits that you receive with each one, there are usually some drawbacks too.
Let’s start with the good news first.
The biggest pro of Greek citizenship is that you’ll become the holder of the world’s 25th most powerful passport – and a European Union passport at that. Greek citizens can travel visa free to 172 countries.
This gives you full rights to live, work, study, and travel anywhere in Europe and its Schengen zone.
No more travel visas will be needed when you decide to hop on a plane for a weekend in Paris.
But then there are some cons that you should consider too.
Unfortunately, Greece doesn’t allow your spouse to jointly apply for citizenship by descent unless he/she also has Greek heritage.
This is in contrast to some other citizenship by descent countries, like Croatia, which do offer that option.
So, if you obtain your Greek citizenship and wish for your spouse to join you if you ever decide to live in Greece, they will have to go through the entire residence permit and possible naturalization process.
Plus, another one of the cons of Greek citizenship relates specifically to men between the ages of 19 and 45. Men of those ages are required to join the military and serve for a period of 9 months.
And while it’s actually quite common in Europe to have mandatory military training, there are also exceptions that can help one circumvent the requirement.
Is Greek Citizenship by Descent Worth Your While?
Here’s the thing:
When potential citizenship is on the table, do you take it or leave it?
Citizenship is a thing that’s really hard to give advice about on a blog, as it totally depends on your personal situation, financial goals, and many other factors.
However, since Greek citizenship is relatively easy to renounce were your circumstances ever to change, we’d say go for it.
Unlike individuals of non-Greek origin who contact Greek consular authorities or the nearest Greek consulate to receive Greek citizenship, you will not need to be interviewed, prove fluency in the Greek language, obtain Greek residence, have knowledge of Greek law/history or prove your moral character or good health.
If you find that you have Greek heritage and are able to locate the required documents to apply for citizenship in Greece, we think you should pounce on it.
Not only will you gain the right to freely live and work anywhere in the European Union, but you’ll also be able to enjoy dual citizenship and the many liberties that this affords you.
For example, if you’ve always wanted to invest in European real estate, you would be able to do so without limitations with your Greek citizenship.
In other words, more options – both financial as well as personal – are always better than fewer options.
So what are you waiting for? Our exclusive Citizenship by Descent Plan helps you reconnect with your roots and get a second passport while you’re at it. Set up a call with us today to get your EU passport by descent.