Dateline: Managua, Nicaragua In the movie Blow, Johnny Depp plays Pablo Escobar’s largest cocaine trafficker during the boom era of the 1980s. At one point, Depp’s character is responsible for 85% of all cocaine brought into the United States. Interestingly, he puts all of his newfound riches into a Panama bank. This was back in the days before FATCA, when Americans could actually avail themselves of bank secrecy. Of course, anyone who recalls what happened to Panama banks knows that things didn’t end well. Eventually, the government came in and took all of his money “for the people”. How ironic that these days places like The Land of the Free and the European Union do that. In the end, Panama — and Panama banks — learned the lesson that so many other countries learn: taking peoples’ money doesn’t lead to economic progress. For a while, Panama was “the Switzerland of the Americas”. While I tend to abhor the endless superlatives thrown around in today’s culture (it seems everything is “the new X” or “the X of Y”) I recognize that Panama banks truly used to be some of the best offshore banks in the world. When the tax justice crusaders at the OECD slapped Panama on a gray list of “opaque” banking jurisdictions, Panama responded by quietly signing information-sharing agreements with countries like Singapore in order to appease the OECD. This is how modern offshore banking works: morally bankrupt politicians take a “hard line” against “tax evasion” and other voodoo, and the average person who just wants to protect some of their money from Team Wealth Confiscation suffers. However, even after Panama banks took action to remove themselves from the lists of uncooperative bank jurisdictions, the OECD wanted more. Three years ago, Panama signed a “nuclear” agreement in which Panama banks agreed to take all of the teeth out of any kind of bank secrecy or, to be honest, any other benefit for banking in Panama. Panama banks made a completely one-sided deal to slit their own throat. And, as you might suspect, the United States government was first in leading this charge. Today, Panama banks might as well be in Uncle Sam’s back pocket. That’s financial imperialism. Now, opening a bank account in Panama is no longer easy. No doubt, realizing Americans would stop coming down in droves, HSBC closed their safe deposit boxes in Panama. Some of the banks that used to work with US persons closed their doors to Americans entirely as a result of the ruling. As Peter Schiff told the audience at my recent offshore conference, he doesn’t allow US persons to open offshore accounts at his bank in St. Vincent and the Grenadines for one reason: he can’t afford the compliance costs. Consequently, banking in Panama isn’t the best option for Americans, or for many other nationalities. And then there’s this. Other than the geographical convenience for Americans, there have historically been two reasons to bank in Panama:
1. For use with a Panama corporation
Panama corporations have always been tricky for US taxpayers thanks to an odd US tax law that states that Panama companies cannot be treated the same way most other offshore corporations would be. As such, they were always at a disadvantage. Over New Years, the Panama government briefly attempted to remove the territorial tax status and tax local companies on their worldwide income. That would have been game over, and Panama knew it. After the government came back from the New Year recess, they fixed the law. But it is troubling that the government could let something of that magnitude get through “accidentally”, as they later claimed.
2. For obtaining Panama residence
Panama’s Friendly Nations program is, hands down, the easiest second residency for Americans and many other developed-world nationalities to obtain. The program requires depositing $5,000 in a Panama bank account and establishing an “economic tie” with the country, such as having a corporation, owning real estate, or even investing in forestry projects. If you’re looking for an easy place to get a second residence and become an expat, Panama isn’t a bad choice. However, I would encourage you to follow the principles of international diversification and not move all of your money there.
Which countries are better than Panama for offshore bank accounts?
As the world’s wealth moves to Asia, I believe that stable Asian jurisdictions will be home to some of the best offshore banks in the world. Personally, I’m a big fan of Singapore and Hong Kong. The problem is, it’s getting harder to open offshore accounts in Singapore, and Hong Kong is even harder. However, if you are willing to make the trip to Singapore, you can still open an account. It’s a much longer trip than to Panama for Americans, but I believe it comes with the added benefit of a country that isn’t in the pocket of the US government. (You’ll also get the added benefit of seeing an economy, and a region, that has real economic growth.) The CIA has had their agents rattling around Central America for decades, causing problems and getting many of the Central American governments to buckle to American whims. While the idea of banking offshore isn’t about hiding money from your government — a very bad idea for Americans in particular — having a foreign government act as a de facto agent of your home country’s government when asked defeats the purpose of going offshore. If you have money on deposit in Singapore, the banks there aren’t just going to hand it over to some bureaucrat in The Land of the Free because they were asked. US imperialism has caused much of the Americas to be under its thumb, with the few solid exceptions in places like Venezuela, which is ripe for wealth confiscation. Panama banks, in my mind, gained some of their initial attraction simply because of their geographical proximity to a large number of wealthy Americans. Now that that wealth velocity has shifted to the eastern hemisphere, there are plenty of safe havens for wealth popping up around the world. In my “Five Magic Words” speech earlier this year, I shared several up-and-coming safe havens I believe will get more attention as banking jurisdictions in the future. The bottom line: Panama banks were never on my list of favorite places to hold an offshore account. While I do see opportunities in Central America, particularly Nicaragua (it’s selling at a discount to the more established Panama), the real money is being made in the east. That’s where people are tripping over themselves to protect their wealth. Panama and the region, in general, are certainly not a bad place to live, especially for Americans who want to visit the USA to see family and friends. When it comes to banking, however, use Flag Theory to live in Panama, while banking elsewhere. If you’re still convinced banking in Panama is for you, my friend Cody Shirk wrote a great article on all of the steps you need to take to open an account, even as a US person in the Age of FATCA. If you need help finding the right offshore bank for you, apply for a Strategy Call so we can determine your best options as part of a personalized and completely legal offshore plan.